Form-Based Code (FBC) is a relatively new zoning technique that considers the characteristics of a particular place and implements the vision for that place. This kind of zoning is intended to create walkable places where they are desired.
Form-Based Code considers the many components that combine to form great places. Unlike traditional zoning which tends to segregate the use of space, Form-Based Codes take into account the form and design of buildings, streets, parking, and open spaces, making it a pleaasant place to live, work, and play.
In traditional zoning, land is designated as single-use districts such as residential, commercial, or industrial, that create difficulties in mixing uses and limited success in shaping the neighborhood. The process of using Form-Based Codes starts with a vision that anticipates more cohesive neighborhoods that are active, walkable places with a mix of uses and housing types. Communities are able to proactively plan for the type of development they want, rather than defensively reacting to development they do not want. Form-based code reconnects the principles of design with community planning and zoning.